Go to content Go to menu
 

LIST OF 100 BASIC JAPANESE WORDS

2020-08-17

Are you trying to learn Japanese? No matter for what reason or what age you are, you’ll have to start with basic Japanese words.

These Japanese words will focus on the most common words you’ll use or hear in different everyday scenarios and situations. They’ll come in handy for traveling or for short conversations!

 

Basic Japanese Greetings

  1. Konnichiwa! – Hello!/Good afternoon!
  2. Moshimoshi? – Hello? (on phone/video calls)
  3. Ohayou! – Good morning!
  4. Konbanwa! – Good evening!
  5. Oyasuminasai. – Goodnight.
  6. Ohisashiburi! ­– It’s been a while!
  7. Genki desu ka? – How are you?
  8. Genki desu. – I’m good.
  9. Jaa mata ne! – See you later!
  10. Sayounara! – Goodbye!

 

Basic Japanese Pronouns

  1. Kore – This (thing)
  2. Kono – This (person)
  3. Sore ­– That (thing)
  4. Sono – That (person)
  5. Are ­– That (thing) over there
  6. Ano – That (person) over there
  7. Watashi ­– I
  8. Boku – Masculine “I”
  9. Anata - You
  10. Kare – He
  11. Kanojo – She
  12. Watashitachi – Us/We
  13. Karera – They/Them

 

Basic Japanese Words and Phrases for Polite Responses

  1. Onegaishimasu. – Please.
  2. Arigatou gozaimasu. – Thank you very much.
  3. Sumimasen. – Excuse me.
  4. Gomen nasai. – I’m sorry.
  5. Douitashimashite. – You’re welcome.

 

Most Common Nouns

  1. Toshi/Nen – Year
  2. Getsu/Tsuki – Month/Moon
  3. Nichi/Hi – Day/Sun
  4. Shuu – Week
  5. Kyou – Today
  6. Kinou – Yesterday
  7. Ashita – Tomorrow
  8. Jikan – Time (As in, “I don’t have time.”)
  9. Toki/Ji – Hour/Time (As in, “What are you doing at this time/hour?”)
  10. Fun/Bun – Minute
  11. Koto – About (this thing)
  12. Hito/Nin – Person
  13. Mono – Thing
  14. Gakkou – School
  15. Daigaku – College
  16. Ima – Now
  17. Ato – After
  18. Mae – Before
  19. Densha – Train
  20. Kuruma – Car
  21. Eki – Train Station
  22. Chikatetsu - Subway
  23. Kuni/Koku – Country
  24. Machi – Town
  25. Shusshin – Hometown
  26. Uchi/Ie – House/Home
  27. Mise/Ya – Shop
  28. Heya – Room
  29. Soto/Gai – Outside
  30. Naka/Chuu – Inside/Middle/During
  31. Kazoku – Family
  32. Mizu – Water
  33. Tabemono - Food

 

Common Questions and Responses

  1. Doko desu ka? ­– Where is it?
  2. Isogashii desu ka? – Are you busy?
  3. Daijoubu desu ka? – Are you okay?
  4. Koko/Soko/Asoko desu. – Here/There (by you)/There (far away) it is.
  5. Wakarimasen. – I don’t understand.
  6. Shirimasen. – I don’t know.
  7. Hai. – Yes.
  8. Iie. – No.
  9. Chotto matte kudasai. – Please wait a moment.

 

Most Common Verbs

  1. Desu – It is/To be
  2. Suru – To do
  3. Naru – To become
  4. Iru – There is (for living things)
  5. Aru – There is (for plants and inanimate objects)
  6. Iku – To go
  7. Iu – To say
  8. Dekiru – Can do/to be able to do

 

Most Common Adjectives and Adverbs

  1. Takusan – Lots of
  2. Ooi – Many
  3. Sukoshi – Few
  4. Chikai – Near
  5. Tooi – Far
  6. Chiisai – Small
  7. Ookii – Big
  8. Oishii – Delicious
  9. Mazui – Disgusting
  10. Yoi – Good
  11. Warui – Bad
  12. Muzukashii – Difficult
  13. Kantan na – Easy
  14. Tanoshii – Pleasant/Enjoyable
  15. Totemo – Very

 

Common Connectors and Conjunctions

  1. Dakara – So
  2. Sorekara – Then
  3. Tatoeba – For example
  4. Shikashi – However
  5. Sono ato – After that
  6. Sono toki – At that time
  7. Demo – But

 

These basic Japanese words will help you in learning the language. They’re the most common words and phrases you’ll hear in everyday speech.